Verbs in the English language are divided into two fundamental groups; Finite verbs and Non-finite verbs. In this article, we will explore the definitions of finite and non-finite verbs, their differences, examples, and worksheets.
What is a Finite Verb?
A finite verb can be defined as a verb that has a subject and indicates grammatical tense, person, and number. The action of a person, place, or thing is described by finite verbs in a sentence. They are the base verbs and do not require other verbs to be grammatically correct.
Examples of Finite Verbs
Some of the examples of finite verbs are provided below:
- I went to that shopping mall yesterday.
- I speak.
- Aharsi plays the piano
What is a Non-finite Verb?
A non-finite verb is defined as a verb that does not show tense or corresponding subject. In English grammar, there are three types of non-finite verbs; infinitives, gerunds, and participles. Most of the non-finite verbs end with “-ing,” “-ed,” “-d,” or “-t.”
Examples of Non-finite Verbs
Refer to the following sentences that show some of the examples of non-finite verbs in sentences.
- Playing football is not my cup of tea.
- Reading books motivates me.
- Those clothes are washed.
Difference between Finite and Non-finite Verbs | Finite Verbs vs Non-finite Verbs
The main difference between finite and non-finite verbs is that a finite verb work as the main verb in any sentence whereas non-finite verbs are not the main verbs. The other differences are listed in the following table:
|Finite Verbs||Non-finite Verbs|
|Finite verbs function as the main verb.||Non-finite verbs does not function as the main verb. They usually act as nouns, adverbs, or adjectives.|
|Finite verbs indicate person, tense, or number||Finite verbs do not indicate person, tense, or number|
|Finite verbs are used in past and present tenses.||Non-finite verbs are used as gerunds, participles, or infinitives.|
|The finite verb form depending on the subject of the sentence.||Non-finite verbs do not change forms.|
Finite and Non-finite Verbs Worksheets
Now solve some of the worksheets on finite and non-finite verbs.
Finite and Non-finite Verb Worksheet 1: Read the following sentences and identify the finite and non-finite verbs
|Sentences||Finite Verbs||Non-finite Verbs|
|Aharsi likes to play with Advik.|
|Running is good for weight reduction.|
|Have you finished your lunch?|
|My mother cooks tasty food.|
|Firan works hard to establish his website.|
|Tapan went to Kolkata to find some work.|
|Uttam is planning to launch a new business.|
|Mohor did not recognize Ravleen at all.|
|Krishna said he will be joining to politics.|
|Deep does not waste time watching TV|
Finite and Non-finite Verb Worksheet 2: Fill in the blanks with correct finite/non-finite verb forms.
- Due to corona my father_______(work) from home.
- Advik _________(start) _________(like) his blue dress.
- You promised __________ (support) me.
- I _______(be) too weak _______(go) for __________(play).
- Swarnali is interested in ________(learn) French.
- Mohor enjoy ___________(read) articles from internet.
- After recovering from COVID, many feel ______ (tire) for continuous working.
- Manasi _______________(decorate) the room for Puja.
- _________(do) regular homework _________(be) a good habit.
- __________(do) your parents know my brother?
Finite and Non-finite Verb Worksheet 3: Prepare two sentences for each of the following verbs using them as finite and non-finite verb.
|Verb||Example as Finite Verb||Example as Non-finite Verb|