Differences between Finite and Non-finite Verbs | Their Examples and Worksheets (PDF)

Verbs in the English language are divided into two fundamental groups; Finite verbs and Non-finite verbs. In this article, we will explore the definitions of finite and non-finite verbs, their differences, examples, and worksheets.

What is a Finite Verb?

A finite verb can be defined as a verb that has a subject and indicates grammatical tense, person, and number. The action of a person, place, or thing is described by finite verbs in a sentence. They are the base verbs and do not require other verbs to be grammatically correct.

Examples of Finite Verbs

Some of the examples of finite verbs are provided below:

  • I went to that shopping mall yesterday.
  • I speak.
  • Aharsi plays the piano

What is a Non-finite Verb?

A non-finite verb is defined as a verb that does not show tense or corresponding subject. In English grammar, there are three types of non-finite verbs; infinitives, gerunds, and participles. Most of the non-finite verbs end with “-ing,” “-ed,” “-d,” or “-t.”

Examples of Non-finite Verbs

Refer to the following sentences that show some of the examples of non-finite verbs in sentences.

  • Playing football is not my cup of tea.
  • Reading books motivates me.
  • Those clothes are washed.

Difference between Finite and Non-finite Verbs | Finite Verbs vs Non-finite Verbs

The main difference between finite and non-finite verbs is that a finite verb work as the main verb in any sentence whereas non-finite verbs are not the main verbs. The other differences are listed in the following table:

Finite Verbs Non-finite Verbs
Finite verbs function as the main verb. Non-finite verbs does not function as the main verb. They usually act as nouns, adverbs, or adjectives.
Finite verbs indicate person, tense, or number Finite verbs do not indicate person, tense, or number
Finite verbs are used in past and present tenses. Non-finite verbs are used as gerunds, participles, or infinitives.
The finite verb form depending on the subject of the sentence. Non-finite verbs do not change forms.

Finite and Non-finite Verbs Worksheets

Now solve some of the worksheets on finite and non-finite verbs.

Finite and Non-finite Verb Worksheet 1: Read the following sentences and identify the finite and non-finite verbs

SentencesFinite VerbsNon-finite Verbs
Aharsi likes to play with Advik.  
Running is good for weight reduction.  
Have you finished your lunch?  
My mother cooks tasty food.  
Firan works hard to establish his website.  
Tapan went to Kolkata to find some work.  
Uttam is planning to launch a new business.  
Mohor did not recognize Ravleen at all.  
Krishna said he will be joining to politics.  
Deep does not waste time watching TV  
Finite and Non-finite Verb Worksheet

Finite and Non-finite Verb Worksheet 2: Fill in the blanks with correct finite/non-finite verb forms.

  1. Due to corona my father_______(work) from home.
  2. Advik _________(start) _________(like) his blue dress.
  3. You promised __________ (support) me.
  4. I _______(be) too weak _______(go) for __________(play).
  5. Swarnali is interested in ________(learn) French.
  6. Mohor enjoy ___________(read) articles from internet.
  7. After recovering from COVID, many feel ______ (tire) for continuous working.
  8. Manasi _______________(decorate) the room for Puja.
  9. _________(do) regular homework _________(be) a good habit.
  10. __________(do) your parents know my brother?

Finite and Non-finite Verb Worksheet 3: Prepare two sentences for each of the following verbs using them as finite and non-finite verb.

VerbExample as Finite VerbExample as Non-finite Verb
Read  
Watch  
Learn  
Play  
Cook  
Plan  
Join  
Wait  
Try  
Help  
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Manasi Dey

Well, I am a Science Graduate, currently a housewife and mother of two. While helping my kids with their studies I find that schools are providing very few worksheets for practice at home which is not sufficient for the kids to think beyond the boundary. For better development and depth on each subject students should practice more and more worksheets or question papers. I am sure other parents also experienced the same problem. So through this website, I plan to provide various worksheets on different subjects to help interested kids, parents, and teachers.

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